Flask-MongoEngine

A Flask extension that provides integration with MongoEngine. For more information on MongoEngine please check out the MongoEngine Documentation.

It handles connection management for your app. You can also use WTForms as model forms for your models.

Installing Flask-MongoEngine

Install with pip:

pip install flask-mongoengine

Configuration

Basic setup is easy, just fetch the extension:

from flask import Flask
from flask.ext.mongoengine import MongoEngine

app = Flask(__name__)
app.config.from_pyfile('the-config.cfg')
db = MongoEngine(app)

To configure the MongoDB connection settings set a key (DB, USERNAME, PASSWORD, HOST, PORT) in the ‘MONGODB_SETTINGS’ dictionary wih app.config. For example :

app.config[“MONGODB_SETTINGS”] = {“DB”: “my_tumble_log”, “USERNAME” : “my_user_name”, “PASSWORD” : “my_secret_password”, “HOST” : “127.0.0.1”, “PORT”: 27017 }

Custom Queryset

flask-mongoengine attaches the following methods to Mongoengine’s default QuerySet:

  • get_or_404: works like .get(), but calls abort(404) if the object DoesNotExist.
  • first_or_404: same as above, except for .first().
  • paginate: paginates the QuerySet. Takes two arguments, page and per_page.
  • paginate_field: paginates a field from one document in the QuerySet. Arguments: field_name, doc_id, page, per_page.

Examples:

# 404 if object doesn't exist
def view_todo(todo_id):
    todo = Todo.objects.get_or_404(_id=todo_id)
..

# Paginate through todo
def view_todos(page=1):
    paginated_todos = Todo.objects.paginate(page=page, per_page=10)

# Paginate through tags of todo
def view_todo_tags(todo_id, page=1):
    todo = Todo.objects.get_or_404(_id=todo_id)
    paginated_tags = todo.paginate_field('tags', page, per_page=10)

Properties of the pagination object include: iter_pages, next, prev, has_next, has_prev, next_num, prev_num.

In the template:

{% macro render_pagination(pagination, endpoint) %}
  <div class=pagination>
  {%- for page in pagination.iter_pages() %}
    {% if page %}
      {% if page != pagination.page %}
        <a href="{{ url_for(endpoint, page=page) }}">{{ page }}</a>
      {% else %}
        <strong>{{ page }}</strong>
      {% endif %}
    {% else %}
      <span class=ellipsis>…</span>
    {% endif %}
  {%- endfor %}
  </div>
{% endmacro %}

MongoEngine and WTForms

You can use MongoEngine and WTForms like so:

from flask.ext.mongoengine.wtf import model_form

class User(db.Document):
    email = db.StringField(required=True)
    first_name = db.StringField(max_length=50)
    last_name = db.StringField(max_length=50)

class Content(db.EmbeddedDocument):
    text = db.StringField()
    lang = db.StringField(max_length=3)

class Post(db.Document):
    title = db.StringField(max_length=120, required=True)
    author = db.ReferenceField(User)
    tags = db.ListField(db.StringField(max_length=30))
    content = db.EmbeddedDocumentField(Content)

PostForm = model_form(Post)

def add_post(request):
    form = PostForm(request.POST)
    if request.method == 'POST' and form.validate():
        # do something
        redirect('done')
    return render_response('add_post.html', form=form)

Supported fields

  • StringField
  • BinaryField
  • URLField
  • EmailField
  • IntField
  • FloatField
  • DecimalField
  • BooleanField
  • DateTimeField
  • ListField (using wtforms.fields.FieldList )
  • SortedListField (duplicate ListField)
  • EmbeddedDocumentField (using wtforms.fields.FormField and generating inline Form)
  • ReferenceField (using wtforms.fields.SelectFieldBase with options loaded from QuerySet or Document)
  • DictField

Not currently supported field types:

  • ObjectIdField
  • GeoLocationField
  • GenericReferenceField

Session Interface

To use MongoEngine as your session store simple configure the session interface:

from flask.ext.mongoengine import MongoEngine, MongoEngineSessionInterface

app = Flask(__name__)
db = MongoEngine(app)
app.session_interface = MongoEngineSessionInterface(db)

Debug Toolbar Panel

_images/debugtoolbar.png

If you use the Flask-DebugToolbar you can add ‘flask.ext.mongoengine.panels.MongoDebugPanel’ to the DEBUG_TB_PANELS config list and then it will automatically track your queries.

Upgrading

0.6 to 0.7

ListFieldPagination order of arguments have been changed to be more logical:

# Old order
ListFieldPagination(self, queryset, field_name, doc_id, page, per_page, total)

# New order
ListFieldPagination(self, queryset, doc_id, field_name, page, per_page, total)

Credits

Inspired by two repos:

danjac maratfm